Lincoln Shell Keep

Image Resources: Web Sources - Museums & Galleries

Available online sources for topographical or antiquarian images of castles and associated architectural features: Drawings / maps / engravings / sketches / watercolours etc

A Guide to British Topographical Collections – M W Barley 1974 (by county)

http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archiveDS/archiveDownload?t=arch-284-1/dissemination/pdf/cba_op_006.pdf

The British Library – online images – (Good for S H Grimm, late C18 and Edward Blore, early & mid C19).  Also good for special collections- some early photographically illustrated books: http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/onlineex/earlyphotos/index.html

http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/index.html

The King’s Topographical Collection (King George III - British Library collection on Flickr). Contains drawn and printed maps, views and atlases produced between 1500 and 1824. The entire collection can be accessed here.

Historic England - Educational Images - Photographic library

https://historicengland.org.uk/services-skills/education/educational-images/

The British Museum

http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/search.aspx

click the box the states: ‘Images only’

Cambridge University Digital Library (especially for John Speed’s Counties of Britain)

https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/ and https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/view/PR-ATLAS-00002-00061-00001/1

Cambridge University: The Fitzwilliam Museum & Gallery

https://fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/objects-and-artworks  

(Click: ‘Only with Images’ and ‘Deep x=zoom enable (IIIF)’

The Courtauld Gallery London:

http://www.artandarchitecture.org.uk/

The Royal Collection Trust:

https://www.royalcollection.org.uk/collection

Tate Britain:

http://www.tate.org.uk/search

Tate Britain - Turner’s sketch books on-line

http://www.tate.org.uk/art/search?gid=999999995&type=artwork

George Vertue’s Vetusta Monumenta:

https://scalar.missouri.edu/vm/index

The Ashmolean Museum - Oxford (See note, left).

https://collections.ashmolean.org/

The Yale Center for British Art - Collections:

https://britishart.yale.edu/collections/search

National Galleries of Scotland

For a few Francis Place images

Francis Towne Images - complete collection: http://www.francistowne.ac.uk/

The National Museum of Wales:

http://www.museumwales.ac.uk/art/online/

The National Library of Wales:

https://www.llgc.org.uk/

National Gallery of Ireland:

http://onlinecollection.nationalgallery.ie/search/Place/objects/list

Art UK:

https://artuk.org/discover/artworks/

The Government Art Collection:

http://www.gac.culture.gov.uk/collection.aspx

The Victoria & Albert Museum (some very good 1850s-70s  castle photographs):

http://collections.vam.ac.uk/search/

For Samuel and Nathaniel Buck images (1720s - 1750s):

http://www.panteek.com/Buck/

Good sized views but contain a Panteek watermark. And:

http://www.castleduncan.com/forum/index.php?/topic/850-samuel-nathaniel-buck/

Then go to http://www.castleduncan.com/forum/index.php?showtopic=802 and scroll down

Local /Regional art galleries, many of whom now have good collections online.

Liverpool: Walker Art Gallery Liverpool:

Manchester: (Whitworth Gallery) http://gallerysearch.ds.man.ac.uk/

Norwich:  http://norfolkmuseumscollections.org/#!/Home  

Cambridge: The Relhan Collection: https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/relhan/1

(Cambridge Digital Library - Antiquities in Cambridgeshire drawn by Richard Relhan, 1797-1838 - includes many images of Cambridge castle)


Dealers & retailers in antiquarian prints that have on-line shops/galleries:

http://www.antique-prints-maps.com

http://www.ancestryimages.com

http://www.pastpages.co.uk

http://www.the-saleroom.com/en-gb

http://www.rareoldprints.com/

http://www.heatons-of-tisbury.co.uk

http://www.darvillsrareprints.com/

http://www.ashrare.com/

http://www.antique-prints.de/shop/catalog.php?list=KAT12

For prints from early antiquarian books, see if there is a version of the book online. See the ‘Gatehouse’ website,  http://www.gatehouse-gazetteer.info/home.html under each castle’s bibliography, and go to the link; some websites allow page downloads to save as an image, others (Google) only allow you to print off the page.  

As a rule of thumb, the earliest prints/engravings (17th/early 18th century) are the most accurate and draughtsman-like, not necessarily the most aesthetic, although the Samuel and Nathaniel Buck prints were often drawn at the request of the owner, so they would sometimes exaggerate a building or a feature that the owner wanted to highlight.

Important 16th, 17th & early 18th century artists/draughtsmen/antiquarians to look for: See also Topographical Prints and Drawings on this website

John Speed (for maps) (1552-1629) British Isles, 1611, with town & county detail

John Norden (c.1547-1625); Anton van den Wyngaerde; Ralph Agas; William Smith;

Braun and Hogenberg; Daniel King (d. c. 1664); Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-1677);

Francis Place (1647-1728); William Stukeley (1687-1775); George Vertue (1684-1776)  (Vetusta Monumenta); Buck, Samuel  (1696-1779) and Nathaniel, (fl 1724-1759), Buck's Antiquities or Venerable Remains of above four hundred Castles, Monastries, Palaces, etc. etc., in England and Wales,  (1774). [Most drawings date to the 1730s & 40s].

n the late 18th &19th century there was an explosion of good artists painting in the ‘Sublime’ or ‘Picturesque’ fashion and many took liberties with the landscape and buildings’ features to create a ‘Romantic’ or bucolic or arcadian scene. This includes J M Turner, a major practitioner of this genre, however delightful his paintings are.  So not everything seen can be believed. The better artists, for accuracy, are listed below:

For local studies, antiquarian prints can be found in various county topographical series:

Cornwall:           William Borlase (1695-1772), 1769: Antiquities Historical and  Monumental of the County of Cornwall

Cumbria, N. Lancs & the Lake District: http://www.lakesguides.co.uk   

Herefordshire:   Thomas Bonnor (1798-1815), Perspective Itinerary……..…of Ten views of                         Goodrich Castle (Vol. II, 1798). Published by J Cary.

            Robinson, C. J., 1869, The Castles of Herefordshire and Their Lords

Kent & Dover:    Captain Durrants Sketchbook (Dover Castle)

Shropshire:        F. Stackhouse-Acton, 1868, The Castles and Old Mansions of Shropshire

Monmouthshire: William Coxe (1747-1828), 1801, An Historical Tour in Monmouthshire


© 2022 Castle Studies Group

The Ashmolean has embarked on a major project to digitise its collections with an initial target of making 25% of the museum's objects available online by 2020. They are  adding and updating records every month. For more information on the project see About.

Newport Castle, Pembrokeshire c 1832, Newton Fielding, 1797-1856, engraver, Pryce Carter Edwards, fl. 1830-1840, artist.